|Silent Parade, 1917, New York, organized by NAACP to promote civil rights (source)|
The Silent Parade of 1917
The Silent Parade (or Silent protest) was a march of between 8,000 and 10,000 African Americans on July 28, 1917, in New York City. The purpose of the parade was to protest lynching and anti-black violence. The parade was precipitated by the East St. Louis Riots in May and July 1917, when between 40 and 250 black people were killed by white mobs.
The Silent Parade was organized by W. E. B. Du Bois and the NAACP. They hoped to influence president Woodrow Wilson to carry through on his election promises to African-American voters to implement anti-lynching legislation, and promote black causes. Wilson did not do so, and repudiated his promises, and federal discrimination increased during Wilson's presidency.
It was the first parade of its kind in New York, and the second instance of blacks publicly demonstrating for civil rights.
1. What does the Constitution do?
2. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?*
3. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
4. What is the “rule of law”?
5. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
6. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
7. Who was President during World War I?
8. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?