Shirley Chisholm (November 30, 1924 – January 1, 2005) was US a Congresswoman, representing New York's 12th Congressional District from 1969 to 1983.
In 1968, she became the first African-American woman elected to Congress. She supported education, health care, social services, and reductions in military spending.
Shirley Chisholm hired only women for her office staff. Chisholm said that during her political career, she faced much more discrimination because she was a woman.
Shirley Chisholm created controversy when she visited George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, in the hospital soon after his shooting in May 1972. Although they had opposite political views, Wallace deeply appreciated her kindness.
Several years later, when Congresswoman Chisholm worked on a bill to give domestic workers the right to a minimum wage, Governor Wallace helped get the votes of enough Southern congressmen to pass Chisholm's bill.
Shirley Chishom will always be remembered as "Unbought and Unbossed."
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
- four hundred thirty-five (435)
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*NEW* VOA Learning English: Shirley Chisholm, 1924-2005: The First Black Woman Elected to the U.S. Congress (03/20/11)
She was an activist who worked to improve the lives of others PEOPLE IN AMERICA (download mp3)